History Upsc Mains

1. Sources Archaeological sources : Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments. Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign account: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers 2. Pre-history and Proto-history : Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic). 3. Indus Valley … Read more


Geography Upsc Mains

Physical Geography : Geomorphology : Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogeneticforces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crusts; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physicalconditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics;Recent views on mountain building; Volcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Land scape development; Denudation chronology; Channelmorphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope … Read more

Economic Upsc Mains

1. Advanced Micro Economics :(a) Marshallian and Varrasiam Approaches to Price determination.(b) Alternative Distribution Theories; Ricardo, Kaldor, Kaleeki.(c) Markets Structure : Monopolistic Competition, Duopoly, Oligopoly.(d) Modern Welfare Criteria : Pareto Hicks and Scitovsky, Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem, A. K.Sen’s Social Welfare Function.2. Advance Macro Economics :Approaches to Employment Income and Interest Rate determination : Classical, Keynes(IS)-LM) … Read more

Upsc Mains Syllabus with Notes

Upsc Mains Syllabus with Notes

Paper-I Essay Paper-II General Studies-I Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom … Read more

Human rights charter Tnpsc

Human Rights Charter It is drafted by representatives from different legal and cultural backgrounds from all over the world. This declaration is proclaimed by the united nations. Human rights are ensured by the Un Universal Declaration. The commitment of the United Nationals stems from the Organisation founding Charted. And the International community has the duty … Read more

Advent of European in India Upsc Notes, Portuguese Dutch English French

advent of european

Advent of the European Powers in India The Europeans came to India is mainly for trade and commercial contracts. India has had relations with the Europeans for thousands of years. The coming of Alexander is great evidence. There is a great demand for Indian Silk, spices, muslin, and handlooms fabrics in European markets. India exported … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.