India’s foreign policy basic principles and objectives

The Principle of India’s foreign policy Mutual Respect for each others territorial integrity and Sovereignty. Mutual Non-Aggression Mutal Non-interference Equality and Mutual Benefit Peaceful co-existence These fundamental principles are called Panchsheel or five virtues. This was first formally enunciated in the Agreement on trade between the Tibet region of China and India signed on April … Read more

Development of science and technology in India after independence upsc

Achievements of India in science and technology after independence Upsc

Development of science and technology in India after independence Independent India has also witnessed tremendous growth in the sphere of science and technology. After 1947, Nehru became aware of the significant role of scientific research and technology in the progress of India. India’s first national laboratory, the National Physical Laboratory was established in 1947. It … Read more

Post-independence India Upsc notes

India since independence Tnpsc

Post-independence india Post Independence is a period in Indian history. Immediately after India got independence in 1947, the most important task for the Indian leader is draft the constitution of India and also integrate the princely states such as Hyderabad, and regions ruled by other European powers such as Pondicherry etc. Also, the Indian leader … Read more

Economic impact of British rule in India Upsc

Effect of British rule on socio-economic factors Tnpsc

This post is written for the topic “Effect of British rule on socio-economic factors Tnpsc“. The Social and Cultural impact includes the abolition of evil social practices such as Sati, Child Marriage, Infanticides, Human sacrifices etc. Also, western ideas such as Human rights, Freedom, Equality, and Liberty were the cultural effect that came along with … Read more

Make in India Upsc

Make in India Upsc

Make in India is an initiative by the Government of India to make and encourage companies to manufacture in India and incentivize dedicated investments into manufacturing. The policy approach was to create a conducive environment for investments, develop a modern and efficient infrastructure, and open up new sectors for foreign capital. The initiative targeted 25 economic sectors for job creation and skill enhancement, and aimed “to transform … Read more

Last phase struggle for India Independence Upsc

Last phase struggle for India independence

The Second World War and National Movement In 1937 elections were held under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1935. Congress Ministries were formed in seven states of India. On 1 September 1939, the Second World War broke out. The British Government without consulting the people of India involved the country in … Read more

World War 2 Upsc

World war 2 causes and consequences Upsc

The First World War came to an end in 1918 and the Paris Peace Conference was held in 1919. Many treaties including the Treaty of Versailles were signed at the conference. One of the important features of this conference was that only the victorious nations alone were invited. The conference turned out to be a … Read more

1857 Revolt Tnpsc

1857 Revolt Tnpsc

The 1857 Revolt sowed the seeds of Indian nationalism, which lay dormant in the subconscious of the Indian people. It started the movement which was a continuous struggle against British rule till 1947. Hence, the nature, character, and causes of this Great Revolt of 1857 should be studied in order to understand the subsequent events. … Read more

India as a Secular State, Social Harmony Tnpsc

An alternative to the nation-state, then, is the “state nation”, where various “nations” be they ethnic, religious, linguistic, or indigenous identities can coexist peacefully and cooperatively in a single state polity. Case studies and analyses demonstrate that enduring democracies can be established in polities that are multicultural. Explicit efforts are required to end the cultural … Read more

End of Apartheid in South Africa Upsc

End of Apartheid Apartheid is the highest form of discrimination, which existed in South Africa. That is the places of residence were classified by racial discrimination. Its policy of governance by Whites over Non-white people. The South African people protested against the Apartheid. Nelson Mandela raised their voice against the Apartheid. He also organized agitation … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.