Finances of Panchayati Raj Upsc

Finances of Panchayati Raj Upsc

Finances of Panchayati Raj The finances of Panchayati Raj were summarized in the Second Administrative Reforms of 2005-2009. In this the financial problems and the sources of revenue of PRI (Panchayati Raj institutions) with summarized. Panchayat receives funds in the following ways: The Panchayat raj was not given enough fiscal empowerment by the state government. … Read more

Central Vigilance Commission Upsc

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is a government body created in 1964. This body is created to address the corruption in the government and its agencies. In the year 2003, Parlian has granted an autonomous state, which makes it free of control from any executive authority. The body’s job is to monitor all the vigilance activities … Read more

Anti-Corruption Measures in India Upsc

Anti-corruption measures Anti-corruption measures include a protocol that gives a set of preventive mechanisms that includes the development of codes of conduct for Government officials, transparency in the government’s procurement of goods and services, access to public information, safeguarding the whistleblowers, and also establishment of anti-corruption agencies. Anti-corruption laws in India Public servants in India … Read more

Special Status to Jammu & Kashmir: Art 370 Upsc

Jammu and Kashmir once had a Special status, by Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) Article 370. Jammu and Kashmir was a large princely state, where the British have given them the option of joining India or Pakistan or remaining independent. History But immediately after the independence in October 1947, Pakistan sent tribal infiltrators to capture Kashmir. … Read more

Official Language Act 1963 Upsc

Article 343 (1) of the Constitution of India states “The Official Language of the Union government shall be Hindi in Devanagari script.” Unless Parliament decided otherwise, the use of English for official purposes was to cease 15 years after the constitution came into effect, i.e. on 26 January 1965.

Absolute Majority Upsc

Absolute Majority Absolute Majority means a party having more than 50% of seat in the House of Parliament. That is Lok Sabha, absolute majority is 273 out of 545. That is more than 50% of seat. This term is used to the general election of Parliament and state legislature, during the selection of the ruling … Read more

Corruption in Public life Tnpsc

Corruption in Public life Corruption is dishonesty and criminal offence done by a person or organization that is entrusted with a position of authority to acquire illegal benefits for one gain. It has become a norm for people in India in all aspects of life to obtain power, influence and other political or personal gains … Read more

Evolution of local self-government in India upsc

History of Local Governments in India The British East India Company got Diwani Rights (Tax) from Nawab of Bengal, after the battle of Plassey. The trading centers were under the direct supervision of the British that is Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta. Other trading centers were not under the supervision of the British. The district administration … Read more

74th Constitutional amendment of Indian Constitution Upsc

74th Constitutional Amendment The urban areas include various classes of municipal bodies by type, area, and value of various towns and cities.┬áCorporations, Municipal Committees, Notified Area Committees, Town Area Committees, and Cantonment Boards are the usual types of municipal bodies. The first four types were formed under the state municipal laws. The Cantonment Boards by … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.