Human Rights Charter
It is drafted by representatives from different legal and cultural backgrounds from all over the world. This declaration is proclaimed by the united nations.
Human rights are ensured by the Un Universal Declaration. The commitment of the United Nationals stems from the Organisation founding Charted. And the International community has the duty to uphold it.
The UDHR ( Universal Declaration of Human Rights) is an international document which is adopted by UN General Assembly that enshrines the right.
The UNO defines Human Rights as ” The right inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, gender, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion or any other status.
Everyone is entitled to these rights without discrimination.” The UNO ( United Nations Organization) was formed right after World War II.
The primary objective of UNO is to deal with the consequences of the war and prevent such wars in the future. The united nations organizations were established in 1945.
The universal declaration of human rights (UDHR) is playing a vital role in promoting human rights.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human rights is a pathbreaking document in the history of human rights.
It was drafted by different legal and cultural background experts from all the regions.
The declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations general assembly in Paris by General Assembly resolution 217A, on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievement of all people in the entire world.
For the first time, Human basic right is protected universally and UDHR has been translated in most of the languages in the world.
There are 30 articles in the UDHR and it guarantees freedom of expression as well as civil, political, social, economic, and cultural rights.
These rights apply to all people irrespective of race, color, gender, nationality, etc, all are equal.
This general explanation of Human Rights by UDHR is not a law, however, it has political and moral importance and many guarantees in UDHR have become norms today.
Social, Economic and Cultural Rights
Social, Economic, and Cultural Rights are developed after World War II. Social rights are necessary for full social participation in society.
Economic rights guarantee that everyone under which they meet their basic living economy needs. There is a certain range of legal procedures by which economic, equality, and freedom are preserved in the state.
Cultural rights are human rights that aim at assuring the enjoyment of culture and its components in the condition of equal human dignity and non-discrimination.
Civil and Political Rights
Civil and Political rights are protected by law for its people against the government, social organizations, individuals, etc.
These rights will make sure an individual participate in the civil and political life of the state and society.
Civil rights are the basic rights provided and ensured by laws of the government to every individual in the country irrespective of race, color, nationality, religion, etc.
Political rights are practiced in the creation and administration of the government. Political rights are provided by the citizens by law.
These rights provide power to its people to be part of the administration directly or indirectly.
Differences between Human Rights and Fundamental Rights
Human rights are rights that give humans deserve to survive with respect and freedom. Whereas fundamental rights are rights of the citizen of the country that are guaranteed by the constitution and enforceable by law.
Human rights include rights that a basic to life and that cannot be taken away and are absolute, whereas the fundamental right includes only those rights that are basic to normal human life.
Human rights are at the international level, whereas fundamental right is at the national level. Moreover, Human rights are declared by the UN, suggested to the government of various to be adopted and serve like Directive Principles of State Policy in India.
Right to Constitutional Remedies
When a person is denied the fundamental right, that person can approach the court, by constitutional means. The court issues orders called Writ to the government to restore the rights.
“WRIT” – It is written order from the court or from other legal authority”. The constitutional remedies can be used for anything that may be wrong in terms of the constitution. This right protects all other rights.