Rote Learning is something, that a child needs the foundation to be strong needs rote learning.
It is a type of learning, that needs a child or student needs to remember the facts, knowledge without a need to understand.
It is just like storing data on a memory card. Such learning is referred to as rote learning. Example of rote learning is Multiplication tables, alphabets, numerals, etc.
Rote learning is important to make the student remember certain facts or data, that they should not forget forever.
Conceptual learning, on the other hand, is just the opposite of Rote Learning. Making the student understand the concepts and make them ask why, what, how?
This helps them to use the facts and apply them in their daily life.
Making the student only for rote learning is a dangerous trend, at the end of the day after schooling and graduation, one has to apply the concepts learned in daily life that make the education complete.
The mere memorizing of data in rote learning may help remember for exams but conceptual learning is the one that makes education a valuable asset.