NCERT Geography Notes for UPSC

Physical Geography Solar System Earth Latitude and Longitude Motions of Earth – Rotation, Revolution, Inclination of Earth Axis Local and Standard Time International Date Line, Calendar Eclipses Interior of the Earth Source of Information – Direct, Indirect – Earth Quakes Volcanoes, crust, mantle, core etc Rocks Rocks & landform & Soils Rock Cycle – Types … Read more

UPSC Polity Syllabus for Prelims

Features of each Act from 1773 to 1947 Salient features of Democracy and liberty Preamble Union and Its Territory Citizenship Fundamental Rights DPSP Fundamental Duties Amendment Basic Structure of Constitution Parliamentary System Federal System Centre State Relations Inter-State Relations Emergency Provision President Vice President Prime Minister Council of Ministers Attorney General of India Cabinet Secretary … Read more

Tnpsc Group-I Main Syllabus and Notes

Tnpsc Group-I Mains syllabus and Notes

PAPER – I – General studies UNIT- I: MODERN HISTORY OF INDIA AND INDIAN CULTURE Advent of European invasion ‐ Expansion and consolidation of British rule – Early uprising against British rule ‐ 1857 Revolt – Indian National Congress ‐ Growth of militant movements ‐ Different modes of agitations –Emergence of national leaders ‐ Gandhi, … Read more

Tnpsc Group-I Syllabus for Prelims along with Reference and Notes

Links to Notes as per the latest syllabus are given on this page. Most of the topics are covered on this page. Some topics are merged together, and as a result, topics might have links to them.

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(i) Scientific Knowledge and Scientific temper – Power of Reasoning Rote Learning Vs Conceptual Learning Science as a tool to understand the past, present and future.

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Scramble for colonies

Introduction 1914 is a turning point in world history. The political and social processes that began in 1789 culminated in the First world war that out in the year and decisively shaped the course of the twentieth century.Historians, therefore, call this as ‘the long nineteenth century; This was the first industrial war that drew on … Read more

Movement of indian plate Upsc

Movement of Indian plate The Indian Plate consists of India Peninsular and Australian continental portions. The subduction zone along the Himalayas forms the northern plate boundary in the form of continent-continent convergence. In the east, it extends through the Rakinyoma Mountains of Myanmar towards the island arc along the Java Trench. In the East, the … Read more

Coral reef food web

The Primary Consumers – are coral, sea turtles, and fish. The Secondary Consumers – the sharks, anemones, starfish, Baracuda, jellyfish, sea snakes and sea slugs. The Scavengers – the fish. The Decomposers or Detritivores – are microorganisms. What type of consumers are corals? The corals get energy from the algae so in this sense are primary … Read more

Label the female reproductive system

1. Vulva: The female reproductive structures that lie external to the vagina are called the external genitalia or vulva comprising labia majora, labia minora, hymen and clitoris. 2. Labia majora: Labia Majora means large lips. It is large, fleshly folds of tissue that protect and enclose other external genital organs. Labia majora contains sebaceous and sweat … Read more

Individualistic culture vs. collectivist culture

Individualistic culture vs. collectivist culture

Individualistic culture The individualistic culture prioritises the needs of the individual over the needs of the group. It is cross-cultural psychology. A very small number of countries are considered individualistic cultures such as the United States, Australia, Ireland, South Africa etc. This principle came from Dutch social scientist Geert Hofstede and his work on cultural … Read more

Money bill article 110 Upsc

Money bill article 110 Upsc

Money Bill ‘Money Bills’, the definition is stated in Article 110 of the Indian constitution. Article 110 states that the bill is a money bill if it contains ‘only provisions dealing with any or all of the following matters: A bill is not to be deemed to be a money bill are following: Money bill … Read more

Everyday application of the basic principles of Mechanics

Everyday application of the basic principles of Mechanics Tnpsc

Mechanics Mechanics is a branch of physics that deals with the effect of force on bodies and is divided into static and dynamic mechanics. Statics: Statics mechanics studies the bodies at rest under the action of forces. Dynamics: Dynamics mechanics studies the moving bodies under the action of forces. Dynamics are categorised as Kinematics and … Read more

Basics of force in physics Tnpsc

Basics of force in physics Tnpsc

Force A body needs a ‘push’ or ‘pull’ to move or to bring a moving body to rest or change its velocity. Hence this push or pull is called force. Force has both magnitude and direction. Therefore force is a vector quantity. Definition of force in physics Types of Forces Force is classified into types … Read more

Finances of Panchayati Raj Upsc

Finances of Panchayati Raj Upsc

Finances of Panchayati Raj The finances of Panchayati Raj were summarized in the Second Administrative Reforms of 2005-2009. In this the financial problems and the sources of revenue of PRI (Panchayati Raj institutions) with summarized. Panchayat receives funds in the following ways: Based on Finance commission by Article 280, gets grants from Union Government. Based … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.