PAPER – I – General studies
UNIT- I: MODERN HISTORY OF INDIA AND INDIAN CULTURE
Advent of European invasion ‐ Expansion and consolidation of British rule – Early uprising against British rule ‐ 1857 Revolt – Indian National Congress ‐ Growth of militant movements ‐ Different modes of agitations –Emergence of national leaders ‐ Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Netaji, Moulana Abulkalam Azad, Ambedkar and Patel ‐ Era of different Acts & Pacts ‐Second World War & final phase struggle ‐ Communalism led to partition.
Effect of British rule on socio‐economic factors ‐ National renaissance – Socio religious reform movements.
India since independence ‐ Characteristics of Indian culture ‐ Unity in diversity ‐ Race, Language, Religion Custom ‐ India: a secular state ‐Organizations for fine arts, dance, drama and music.
Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle ‐ Bharathiar, VOC, Subramania Siva, Rajaji, Periyar and others – Political parties and Welfare schemes.
Latest diary of events: National and International ‐ National symbols– Eminent personalities & places in news ‐ Sports & Games ‐Books & Authors ‐ Awards & Honours ‐ Cultural panorama ‐ Latest historical events – Latest terminology ‐ Appointments ‐ who is who?
UNIT- II : SOCIAL ISSUES IN INDIA AND TAMIL NADU
Population Explosion ‐ Unemployment issues in India & Tamil Nadu ‐Child Abuse & Child Labour – Poverty – Rural and Urban Sanitation –Illiteracy.
Women Empowerment ‐ Role of the Government in Women Empowerment – Social injustice to Women ‐ Domestic violence, Dowry menace, Sexual assault – Role of women and women’s organisations
Social changes in India – Urbanization and its impact on the society– Problems and remedies ‐ Impact of violence on Society – Religious violence, Terrorism and Communal violence ‐ Regional Disparities ‐Problems of Minorities ‐ Human Rights issues.
Education – Linkage between Education and Social Development ‐Community Development Programmes ‐ Employment Guarantee Schemes‐ Self Employment and Entrepreneurship Development ‐ Role of N.G.Os in Social Welfare – Government Policy on Health.
Welfare Schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Central and State governments and their performance.
UNIT-III: GENERAL APTITUDE & MENTAL ABILITY (SSLC Standard)
PAPER – II – General studies
UNIT – I : INDIAN POLITY AND EMERGING POLITICAL TRENDS ACROSS THE WORLD AFFECTING INDIA
Constitution of India: Historical background – Making of the Indian Constitution – Preamble – Salient features of the Indian Constitution – Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties – Directive Principles of State Policy – Schedules to the Indian Constitution.
Union Executive: President, Vice – President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Attorney General of India.
Union Legislature: Parliament: Lok – Sabha and Rajya – Sabha – Composition, Powers, Functions and Legislative procedures.
Union Judiciary: Structure, Powers and Functions of the Supreme Court – Judicial Review – Latest Verdicts.
State Executive: Governor, Chief Minister – Speaker and Council of Ministers , Advocate General of the State.
State Legislature: State Legislative Assembly – Organization, Powers and Functions.
State Judiciary: Organisation, Powers and Functions of High Courts, District Courts and Subordinate Courts.
Local Government: Historical Development – Features and working of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992.
Union Territories: Evolution of States and Union Territories – Administration of Union Territories.
Federalism in India: Centre-State Relations – Centre-State Administrative Relations – Centre-State Legislative Relations and Centre-State Financial Relations.
Civil Services in India: Historical background – Classification of Civil Services – Recruitment & Training of Civil Servants.
State Services: Classification of State Services and Recruitment.
Official Language: Constitutional provision – Official Language Act, VIII Schedule to the Constitution.
Amendments: Major Amendments to the Indian Constitution.
Special Status to Jammu & Kashmir: Art 370.
Political Parties: National & Regional parties, Pressure Groups, Interest Groups, Public Opinion, Mass Media, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and their role.
Issue Areas in Indian Administration: Corruption in India – Anti -Corruption Measures – CVC – Lok Adalats – Ombudsman – RTI Act -Minister – Secretary Relationship – Generalist Vs. Specialist controversy.
Constitutional and Non-Constitutional Bodies – Composition, Powers and Functions.
Profile of States – Defence, National Security and Terrorism – World Organisations – Pacts and Summits.
India’s Foreign Policy: Foreign Affairs with Special emphasis on India’s relations with neighbouring countries and in the region – Security and defence related issues – Nuclear Policy – Issues and conflicts.
The Indian Diaspora and its contribution to India and to the World.
UNIT – II : ROLE AND IMPACT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA
Science and Technology – Role, Achievements and Developments -Their applications and effects in everyday life ‐ Energy ‐ Conventional and Non-conventional – Self-sufficiency ‐ Oil exploration ‐ Defence Research Organizations and other science and technology institutions – Ocean Research and Development – Role and Functions. Advancements in the fields of I.T., Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-Technology ‐ Mobile Communication – Remote sensing and its benefits.
Health and hygiene ‐ Human diseases – Prevention and remedies ‐ Communicable diseases and non‐communicable diseases – Genetic Engineering – Organ transplantation – Stem cell Technology – Medical Tourism – Advancements in Horticulture & Agriculture.
Achievements of Indians in the fields of Science and Technology.
Latest inventions in science & technology.
UNIT – III : TAMIL SOCIETY – ITS CULTURE AND HERITAGE
1) Tamil Society: Origin and expansion.
2) Art and Culture: Literature, Music, Film, Drama, Architecture, Sculpture, Paintings and Folk Arts.
3) Socio – economic history of Tamil Nadu from Sangam age to till date.
4) Growth of Rationalist, Dravidian movements in Tamil Nadu -Their role in the socio – economic development of Tamil Nadu.
5) Social and cultural life of contemporary Tamils: Caste, Religion, Women, Politics, Education, Economy, Trade and relationship
with other countries.
6) Tamil and other Disciplines: Mass Media, Computer etc.
PAPER – III ‐ General studies
UNIT-I : GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO TAMILNADU
Location – Physical features – Major Rivers – Weather & Climate -Monsoon, Rainfall ‐ Natural resources:- Soil, Water, Forest, Minerals and Wildlife – Agricultural pattern – Livestock – Fisheries – Industries; Major industries – Growth and Development – Social- Cultural geography – Population: Growth, Density and Distribution – Racial, linguistic and major tribes.
Oceanography – Bottom relief features of Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.
Basics of Geospatial Technology: Geographical Information System (GIS) and Bottom relief features of Ocean (GNSS).
Map: Geographical landmarks – India and its neighbours.
UNIT II: ENVIRONMENT, BIODIVERSITY AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Ecology: Structure and function of Ecosystem – Ecological succession -Biodiversity conservation: Types – Biodiversity Hot Spots in India – Biodiversity : Significance and Threats – In situ and Ex situ conservation measures – Roles of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) & Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
Environmental Pollution and Management: Air, Water, Soil, Thermal and Noise pollution and control strategies – Solid and Hazardous waste management – Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): Steps in EIA process – Environmental Clearance – Environmental Auditing.
Climate Change: Global Environmental Issues and Management –Changes in monsoon pattern in Tamil Nadu and India – Environmental consequences of climate change and mitigation measures – Clean and Green Energy – Environmental Sustainability.
Environmental Laws, Policies & Treaties in India and Global scenario -Natural calamities and Disaster Management – Environmental Health and Sanitation.
UNIT III : INDIAN ECONOMY – CURRENT ECONOMIC TRENDS AND IMPACT OF GLOBAL ECONOMY ON INDIA
Features of Indian Economy – Demographical profile of India –National Income – Capital formation – NEP (New Economic Policy) – NITI AYOG – National Development Council.
Agriculture – Role of Agriculture – Land reforms – New Agricultural Strategy – Green Revolution – Price Policy, Public Distribution System (PDS), Subsidy, Food Security– Agricultural Marketing, Crop Insurance, Labour – Rural credit & indebtness – WTO & Agriculture.
Industry – Growth ‐ Policy – Role of public sector and disinvestment– Privatisation and Liberalization – Public Private Partnership (PPP) – SEZs. – MSMEs. – Make in India.
Infrastructure in India – Transport System – Energy – Power – Communication – Social Infrastructure – Science & Technology – R&D.
Banking & Finance – Banking, Money & Finance – Central Bank – Commercial Bank – NBFIs. – Stock Market – Financial Reforms – Financial Stability – Monetary Policy – RBI & Autonomy.
Public Finance – Sources of Revenue – Tax & Non-Tax Revenue – Canons of taxation – GST – Public expenditure – Public debt – Finance Commission – Fiscal Policy.
Issues in Indian Economy – Poverty & inequality – Poverty alleviation programmes – MGNREGA – New Welfare programmes for rural poverty – Unemployment – Inflation – Inflation targeting – Sustainable economic growth – Gender issues.
India’s Foreign Trade – BOP, EX-IM Policy, FOREX Market, FDI; Globalization & its impact – Global economic crisis & impact on Indian economy.
International Agencies – IMF (International Monetary Fund)– World Bank – BRICS – SAARC – ASEAN.
Tamil Nadu Economy & Issues – Gross State Domestic Product – Trends in State’s economic growth – Demographic profile of Tamil Nadu – Agriculture – Industry & entrepreneurship development in Tamil Nadu –Infrastructure – Power, Transportation systems – Social Infrastructure – SHGs. & Rural Women empowerment – Rural poverty & unemployment – Environmental issues – Regional economic disparities – Local Government – Recent government welfare programmes.
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