Administration of Gupta empire Upsc

Administration of Gupta empire

In the Gupta’s administrative system, the political hierarchies are identified by the their adopted titles.

The kings had such as:

  • Maharajadhiraja
  • Parama-Bhattaraka
  • Parameshvara

They also connected their titles with deities such Parama-Daivata meaning foremost worshipper of gods and Parama-Bhagavata meaning foremost worshipper of Vasudeva Krishna.

Some kings even had divine status such as Samudragupta who was compared to Purusha (Supreme Being).

Ministers and Officials

In the Administration of Gupta empire the seal and inscription are mentioned the official ranks and designations.

Kumaramatya – A High ranking officer connected with Adikarana, an office of his own.

Amatya and Kumaramatya – Equivalent to princes of royal blood. Kumaramatya is connected to King, Prince, revenue department, and province.

Kumaramatya also been in charge of the maintenance of the holy crowning tank of the Lichchavis.

Example of Kumaramatya are Harisena, who was the composer of Allahabad Prashasti.

The Guptas were assisted Ministers known as Mantrins. An Assembly or council is known as Sabha. The Minister for peace and war, Sandhivigrahika or Mahasandhivigrahika held various high ranks.

Dandanayakas and Mahadandanayakas were highly ranked judicial or military officers. Example: Agnigupta, mentioned in one of the seals.

Most of the post was Hereditary, Allahabad Prashasti mentions three Mahadandanayakas.

Mahashvapati – Commander of Cavalry.

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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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