Human rights commission of India Upsc

Power and function of national and State human rights commission in India Upsc

National Human Rights Commission

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It is an autonomous body constituted on 12 October 1993, by the protection of the Human Rights Act, 1993. National Human Rights Commission is responsible for the protection and promotion of Human Rights in India.

These human rights are guaranteed by the constitution.

Functions of NHRC

To inquire about the violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of violation by public servants. Court proceedings are intervened that are relating to human rights.

To promote research in the field of human rights. To promote human rights education among societies. To encourage the effects of NGOs and institutions working in the field of human rights.

State Human Rights Commission (SHRC)

Every state in India has SHRC that was established with power by the state under section 21 of the protection of the Human Rights Act 1993.

The protection and promotion of human rights is the main objective of the commission.

Moreover, the procedures by the SHRC to conduct its proceeding, the Suo Moto action was taken on the complaints it receives irrespective of the sources and the proceeding transparency adds strength to the SHRC.

Function of SHRC

It enquires into Human rights violation matters, confined to state and concurrent lists. Its functions and duties are similar to the National Human Rights Commission but are confined within the state.

It has a Chairman and two members. It has the power of the civil court and can take cases by surveillance or in Suo Motu. It also recommends compensation to victims.