Most famous volcanoes in Iceland and its Facts

Some of the Most famous volcanoes in Iceland

Most famous volcanoes in Iceland is Eyjafjallajokull because of its eruption in 2010. Other famous volcanoes are Katla, Öræfajökull, Bárðarbunga etc.

Mount Hekla has erupted 18 times, the last time it erupted was in 2000.

Iceland volcanoes names

Iceland has a large concentration of active volcanoes, as it is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a divergent tectonic plate boundary.

It has over 30 active volcanic systems and each volcano’s tectonic fissure systems and most of them also stratovolcano, shield volcanoes. The most active volcano in this region is Grímsvötn.

Below is the list of the most famous volcanoes in Iceland.

Volcanoes in Iceland facts

There are around 130 volcanoes in Iceland. The reason behind such a high number of volcanoes is its location. As this Iceland nation lies where two tectonic plates meet.

As the two tectonic plates are not fused, an extremely hot substance known as lava rises from inside.


Fagradalsfjall volcano is part of the Krýsuvík-Trölladyngja volcanic system on the Reykjanes Peninsula in southwest Iceland.

Katla volcano

It is one of the largest volcanoes in Iceland. It is situated to the north of Vík í Mýrdal and to the east of the smaller glacier Eyjafjallajökull.


It is located in Vatnajökull National Park, Iceland. Grímsvötn, a subglacial volcano, is located 140 km NE of Eyjafjallajökull volcano within the western region of the Vatnajökull glacier. It is a type of Caldera.


Hecla, is a stratovolcano in the south of Iceland with a height of 1,491 m (4,892 ft). Hekla is one of Iceland’s most active volcanoes. It is the most famous and active volcano in the country.


It is an active volcano, situated in the remote part of the central highlands. The most recent eruption was in 1961. It is a type of basaltic.


Snæfellsjökull is a 700,000-year-old glacier-capped stratovolcano in western Iceland. It is situated in the most western part of the Snæfellsnes peninsula. It is present in the West Iceland glaciers.

Iceland volcanoes
Volcanic Areas in Iceland – By Volcanic_system_of_Iceland-Map-fr.svg: Pinpinderivative work: Chris.urs-o (talk) – Volcanic_system_of_Iceland-Map-fr.svg, CC BY-SA 3.0,


Eldfell is a volcanic cone just over 200 metres (660 ft) high on the Icelandic island of Heimaey. Eldfell is a volcano in the Westman Islands, off the South Coast of Iceland, which famously erupted in the middle of the town of Heimaey in 1973.


It is an ice-covered volcano in southeast Iceland. Its type is Stratovolcano. It is shaped like a cone, with a large ice-filled caldera, and is 600-700 m deep. It has erupted twice once in 1362 and the other in 1728.


It is situated in Landmannalaugar and Kirkjubæjarklaustur. Eldgjá is the largest volcanic canyon in the world, approx. It is an example of a shield volcano.


It is situated in the southwest of Iceland, which is south of Þingvellir. It is a mountain that covers an area of 100 square kilometres. Geothermal energy is produced, which is a vital source of energy for south Iceland.


It is a rhyolitic stratovolcano, caldera, and a complex sub-glacial which is located north of Mýrdalsjökull and south of Þórisvatn Lake. It last erupted in March 1477.


Vatnafjöll is a 40 km (25 mi) long, 9 km (6 mi) wide basaltic fissure vent system that is located southeast of Hekla, Iceland. It last erupted 1200 years ago.


Esjufjöll is a small volcanic system and as such part of Iceland’s Oræfi Volcanic Belt. The subglacial Esjufjöll volcano located at the SE part of the Vatnajökull icecap, north of Öraefajökull, consists of the Snaehetta central volcano and a large caldera.


Ljósufjöll is a fissure vent system and central volcano on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula in Iceland. The system has a length of about 90 km. It last erupted in 960 CE.


The volcano Prestahnúkur is located in the west of the Highlands of Iceland to the west of Langjökull glacier.


Grímsnes is a fissure or crater row volcanic system located in South Iceland, a relatively small volcanic system located SE of Thingvallavatn lake east of an en-echelon group of volcanic sites extending across the Reykjanes Peninsula.

It last erupted in May 2011.


Herðubreið is a tuya in the northern part of Vatnajökull National Park, Iceland. It is situated in the Highlands of Iceland on the east side of the Ódáðahraun desert and close to Askja Volcano.


It is part of a tuya volcano system of 100 sq. km. It has numerous hot springs. It is glacially dissected.


Hverfjall also known as Hverfell is a tephra cone or tuff ring volcano in northern Iceland. Last erupted in 2500 BP.


Theistareykjarbunga is a shield volcano in northeastern Iceland with two fissure vents called Theistareykjahraun and Borgahraun. It last erupted in 900 BC.


Kollóttadyngja is a shield volcano in the Ódáðahraun lava field in Iceland. Its height is 1,177 metres, and it has a diameter of 6–7 km.


Bláhnjúkur is a volcano in the south of Iceland. Its height is 940 m.


Trölladyngja is the biggest of the Icelandic shield volcanoes, reaching a height of 1,468 metres (4,816 ft) above sea level.


Helgafell is an inactive 227-meter-high volcanic cone located on the island of Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago in Iceland.


Búrfell is a 480 m (1,570 ft) basalt tuya located in Iceland.


The Brennisteinsalda is a volcano in the south of Iceland. Its height is about 855 m. It is situated near Landmannalaugar and not far from Hekla.


Iceland has around 130 volcanoes, and mostly it has stratovolcanos, which is a cone-shaped peaks. Also, there are shield volcanoes.


0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
%d bloggers like this: