Marathas Tnpsc

Maratha Empire

  • Maratha Empire played a major role in weakening the Mughal empire and displacing the Mughal empire by the 18th century.
  • Maratha general venkoji who is the half brother of Shivaji established Maratha rule in Thanjavur by using Bijapur forces.
  • Their rule in Tamilnadu continue from 1674 to 1832, that is until the death of Serfoji-II.

Founder of the Maratha empire

  • The founder of Maratha empire was Sivaji (1627-1680).
  • Sivaji was the son of Shahji Bhonsle and Jijabai (first wife).
  • He born was in Shivner near Junnar.
  • Shivaji was influenced by Ramdas and Tukaram religiously.
  • Shivaji regarded Ramdas as his spiritual guru.

maratha empire map

Maratha empire family tree

  • Shivaji
    • Shaji Bhonsle (Father)
    • Jijabai
  • Sambhaji(elder son) and Rajaram (younger son)
    • Shivaji (Father)
  • Tarabai (First wife) and Raja Bai (Second wife)
    • Rajaram(Husband)
  • Shahu (Shivaji-II)
    • Sambhaji(Father)
  • Sambhaji-II
    • Raja Bai (Mother) and Rajaram (Father)
  • Rama Raja
    • Shahu (Father)
  • Shahu-II (Adopted Son)
    • Rama Raja (Father)
  • Pratap Singh
    • Shahu-II (Father)
  • Shaji-II (Shaji Appa Saheb)
    • Pratap Singh (Younger Brother)

Maratha empire kings

  • Shivaji
  • Sambhaji
  • Rajaram
  • Tara Bai (Rajaram wife)
  • Shahu(Sambhaji son)
  • Balaji Viswanath as Peshwa
  • Raja Bai (Second wife of Rajaram) and her son Sambhaji-II
  • Rama Raja
  • Shahu-II (Adopted son of Rama Raja)
  • Pratap Singh
  • Shaji Appa Saheb, Shaji-II


  • Balaji Viswanath (1713-1720)
  • Baji Rao-I (1720-1740)
  • Balaji Baji Rao (1740-1761)

Maratha empire flag

maratha empire flag
Maratha empire flag

maratha empire history

shivaji maratha empire

maratha empire vs mughal empire

Leave a comment

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
%d bloggers like this: