Diwani riyasat – Market reforms of Alauddin khilji Upsc

Khalji established four separate markets in Delhi.

The first market for grains and the second market for cloth, sugar, dried fruits, butter and oil. Third for the horse, slaves and cattle, and the fourth market for miscellaneous commodities.

Officer Who Controlled Market are: Shahna-i-Mandi, Naid-i-Riyasat, Munhiyans etc.

Shahna-i-Mandi is the highest officer to control the market.

The grain was held in stock in Government storehouses to ensure the supply of grain in all situations.

Naid-i-Riyasat was the officer to control a separate department called Diwani Riyasat, every merchant was registered under this market department.

Munhiyans, secret agents were sent to report the functioning of these markets and sent slave boys to check the prices of various commodities.

Severe punishment was given to the traders who violate market regulation, cheat by the false measure in quantity and quality, sell commodities at a higher price.

Even during the famine, the price of commodities did not increase, the Sultan ensured stable price and continuity in supply in all situations.

Market reforms were applied to provincial capital and towns.

Land reform was made by Sultan, Alauddin Khilji who was the first of the Delhi Sultans to have ordered to measure the land.

Even the big landlords paid taxes to the government.

The land revenue was paid in cash to the government, which were used to pay the government officials and soldiers in cash.

The land revenue system was the basis of the land reforms of Akbar and Sher Shah Suri.

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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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