Mughal-Rajput relations under Akbar Upsc

Rajput Policy of Mughals

Tolerance towards Hindu Religion

Akbar took great efforts to win the goodwill of the Hindus. He abolished the Jizya (poll tax) on non-Muslims and the tax on Hindu pilgrims.

The practice of Sati by Hindu widows was also abolished.

Marriage Alliance with Rajputs

The practice of making slaves of war prisoners was also discontinued. His conciliatory Rajput policy included matrimonial alliances with Rajput princely families and according to Rajput nobles high positions in the Mughal court.

A tolerant religious policy ensured the cultural and emotional integration of the people. Even before Akbar, many Muslim kings had married Rajput princesses.

But Akbar with his broadminded nature was instrumental in these matrimonial alliances becoming a synthesizing force between two different cultures as he maintained close relations with the families.

Akbar had married Harkha Bhai (also referred to as Jodha in popular accounts), the daughter of Raja Bhar Mal (also known as Bihari Mal) of Amber. He also married the Rajput princesses of Bikaner and Jaisalmer.

Prince Salim who was born of Harkha Bhai married the daughter of Raja Bhagwan Das. Raja Man Singh, son of Bhagwan Das, became the trusted general of Akbar.

Even the Rajputs who chose not to have any matrimonial alliances were bestowed great honors in Akbar’s court.

Rajputs Appointed as Officials

His Rajput policy secured the services of great warriors and administrators for the empire.

Raja Todar Mal is an expert in revenue affairs and rose to the position of Diwan. Birbal was a companion of Akbar. Mewar and Marwar were Rajput Kingdoms that defied the Mughal empire.

After the death of Rana Udai Singh, his son Rana Pratap Singh refused to acknowledge Akbar’s suzerainty and fought against the Mughals till his death in 1597.

The Battle of Haldighati in 1576 was the last battle between the Mughal forces and Rana Pratap Singh. In Marwar (Jodhpur), the ruler Chandra Sen, Son of Maldeo Rathore, resisted the Mughals tills his death in 1581, though his brother fought for the Mughals.

Udai Singh the brother of Chandra sen was made the ruler of Jodhpur by Akbar. Akbar’s capital was Agra in the beginning.

Akbar’s capital was Fatehpur Sikri, where he build a new city. This city is deserted now but is a beautiful mosque and great Buland Darwaza and many other buildings.

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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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