Difference between Niti aayog and the planning commission
Niti Aayog is the apex public policy think tank of the Government of India. Also, the nodal agency handles the task of accelerating economic development and fostering cooperative federalism.
This development through fostering cooperative federalism is done with the involvement of the State governments of India in the policy-making process.
Planning Commission (India)
Planning Commission was an institution of the Government of India. Its job is to formulate India’s Five Year Plans, and also has other functions.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi dissolved the Planning commission and replaced it with Niti Aayog on 13 August 2014.
|Niti Aayog||Planning Commission|
|Chair Person||Prime Minister||Prime Minister|
|Vice-Chair Person||Appointed by PM||Deputy Chairman(Nominated = Cabinet rank)|
|Governing Council||CM’s and L-G’s||National Development Council|
|Member Secretary||To be known as the CEO and to be appointed by the Prime Minister||Secretaries or member secretaries were appointed through the usual process|
|Part-time members||To have a number of part-time members, depending on the need from time to time||The full planning commission had no provision for part-time members|
|Full-time members||the number of full-time members could be fewer than the planning commission||the last commission had eight full-time members|