As per, the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, state were formed on a language basis.
History behind Tamilnadu Day
- The Ancient Tamil Country known as Tamilzham during Sangam Age was ruled by Cheras, Cholas, and Pandyas.
- And also small kingdoms like Adhiyaman and Pari existed.
- Kalabras rules the Tamil Country for a few years.
- After the Kalabras rule, the Tamil Country can under the rule of Pallavas, Cholas, Pandyas, Marathas, Mughals and Vijayanagara.
- At last, the British took control over the entire country starting from Madras.
- During the British time, India was divided into three Presidencies namely Madras, Bombay and Calcutta for administrative purposes.
- Thereby Madras Presidency consisted of today’s parts of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Orissa (Odisha).
- After India Independence, the country was divided into states based on a linguistic basis due to wide protest.
- The Telugu speaking area was bifurcated from the Madras state.
- After that, the Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu by C.N.Annadurai, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on 14 January 1969.
- Edappadi K. Palaniswami announced that 1 November will be celebrated as Tamil Nadu Day from 2019 to remember the formation of the state.
- Then it was changed to July 18, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister, M.k.Stalin. July 18,1967 on this day C.N.Annadurai, passed resolution to change, Madras Presidency to Tamil Nadu in the State legislative assembly.