This article is written for the topic “Tnpsc: National Symbols in Current Events“.
Tamil Nadu State Natural Symbols
1.The State Animal is Nilgiri Tahr
2. The State Bird is Emerald Dove
3.The State Flower is Gloriosa Superba
4.The State Tree is Palmyrah tree
5.The national fruit of Tamilnadu is Jackfruit
6.The state insect is Tamil yeoman (Cirrochroa this)
The state sport is Kabaddi
The state’s dance is Bharath Natyam
India National Symbols
The tricolor flag is India’s National Flag The three colors are the same width and arranged Horizontally. The saffron color represents valor and sacrifice. The green color represents fertility and prosperity.
The white represents peace, purity, and honesty. The Wheel in Navy blue called Ashoka Chakra represents truth and peace. The length and width of India’s national flag are in the ratio of 3:2.
Ashoka chakra has 24 spokes.
The four lions on top of the Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath were chosen to be our National emblem. The national emblem was accepted on 26th January 1950, ‘Satyameva Jayate” has been inscribed at its bottom.
It means ‘Truth alone triumphs. The National emblem consists of two parts the upper and the lower parts.
The upper part has four lions facing the North, South, East, and West. This is on a circular pedestal.
One can only see three lions at a time. The lower part has an elephant, a horse, a bull, and a lion. The ‘Wheel of righteousness’ is placed between them.
This emblem is found at the top of the government communication, Indian currency, and passport. The four lions, chosen from the Sarnath pillar of Ashoka as our emblem, are now placed in the Sarnath Museum.
The National flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya from Andhra Pradesh. The first Indian Flag was woven at Gudiyatham in the Vellore district of Tamilnadu.
This flag was hoisted by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 15th August 1947 at Red Fort (Delhi). This flag is now an exhibit at the St.George’s Fort Museum, Chennai.
‘Jana Gana Mana’ is our National anthem. It symbolizes the sovereignty and integrity of our nation. This anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali.
This was transcripted in Hindi and was accepted by the Constituent Assembly on 24th January 1950.
The rules to be observed while singing the Anthem.
This anthem has to be sung at a duration of 52 seconds. Everyone should stand erect while singing the national anthem. One should understand the meaning while singing.
On 27th December 1911, this National anthem was sung for the first time during the Congress committee meet held at Kolkata.
The song Vande Mataram, composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, was a source of inspiration to the people of India in their struggle for freedom.
It has an equal status with Jana Gana Mana. On January 24, 1950, the then President, Dr Rajendra Prasad came up with a statement in the Constituent Assembly,
“the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honored equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it.”
The song was a part of Bankim Chandra’s most famous novel ‘Anand Math’.
“India is my country. All Indians are my brothers and sisters” is our national pledge. The pledge was written by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in Telugu.
The curd which we consume every day is curdled from milk by a microorganism called lactobacillus delbrueckii. This was accepted as our national microorganism in the year 2012.
This microorganism makes the milk undergo a chemical reaction and changes the protein content of the milk. Curd is known for its digestive quality and cooling capacity.
Currency of India- (INR)
The Indian currency is the Indian Rupees. The currency released by SherShah Sur in the sixteenth century was ‘Rupiya’.
This ‘rupiya’ has been transformed, into ‘Rupees’.
The symbol of rupees is ₹.
This was designed by D.Udhayakumar from Tamil Nadu in the year 2010.
During the reign of Emperor Kanishka, he began following a new calendar in the year 78 CE/AD. The year begins from the spring equinox which falls on March 22nd. During a leap year, it begins on March 21st. Our country follows this calendar.
The famous astronomer Meghnad Saha headed the Calendar Reformation Committee on 22nd March 1957.
It was then accepted by the committee as our national calendar. The National symbols help in uniting the diversified sections of India and instill patriotism.
Every year, August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day to commemorate India’s freedom from British rule. This auspicious day is also marked as the birth of the world’s biggest democracy, India.
On the day India gained independence, Mahakavi Bharathiyar’s poem “Aaduvome Pallu Paduvome” and was sung over the AIR (All India Radio) by T.K.Pattammal, a famous singer of Carnatic Music.
The celebration of Independence Day continues every year. The Prime Minister unfurls the National Flag on Independence Day at the Red Fort, New Delhi.
On 26th January 1950, India was declared a democratic republic. Every year this day is celebrated as Republic Day. The constitution was commenced on 26th January 1950.
The Queen of Britain was the Honorary head of India from August 1947 to 26th January 1950. On 26th January 1950, India was declared as a democratic state and the President became the first citizen of India.
The President Hoist the Nation flag at the Red Fort, New Delhi on Republic Day. On January 29, the third day of Republic Day, the celebrations are brought to end with the “Beating Retreat” Ceremony.
The Beating Retreat Ceremony is performed by bands of the Indian Navy, Navy, and Airforce.
The President of India is the chief guest of this ceremony. The Rashtrapati Bhavan will be Illuminated at 6 pm as a part of the celebration.
The birthday of Mahatma Gandhi is celebrated as National Festival. It comes on 2nd October. In 2007, the United Nations declared October 2nd as the ‘International Day of Non-Violence’.
The National symbols represent the culture and nature of the national identity. This infuses a sense of pride and patriotism in the Indians heart. The national symbols are designed to represent the people of the national community.