UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration

The UN General Assembly proclaimed 2021-30, as the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. It calls for the protection and revival of ecosystems around the world for the benefit of nature, animals, and humans.

UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration Upsc
UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration Upsc By Nick carson at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9959121

Definition

Ecosystem restoration is the process of assisting the recovery of a degraded, damaged ecosystem.

The Basic principle behind this is protecting biodiversity, improving animal-human health, increasing food security, water security, supporting climate change mitigation, adaptations, etc.

This is a massive scale project and it means to repair a billion hectares of land and wetland which are greater than the size of China, Canada, or the USA.

Ecological Restoration
Ecological Restoration By EncMstr – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3786372

Ways of Ecosystem Restoration

  1. Reforestation
  2. Removal of Non-Native Species and Weeds
  3. Revegetation of disturbed area
  4. Daylighting streams
  5. Reintroduction of Native species
  6. Erosion Control

Benefits of ecosystem restoration

  • Improvement the quantity and quality of forest and forest resources.
  • Enhancement in food and water security
  • Air quality improvement
  • Resilience of climate change
  • Increase in Job creation

Steps to Ecosystem restoration

Before the restoration process, it is important to remove the forces of disturbances that include cessation of mining or farming or erosion causes, removing of toxins from the soil, removal of exotic species.

Also repairing and replanting wetland, forestland, and other habitats.

Importance of Ecosystem Restoration

Restoration at a global scale is significant, as we as a whole tries to mitigate the extent of the ecosystem crisis that we face today. Also to protect the diversity, nature for future generations.

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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