Folk paintings of India Upsc


It is traditional paintings of Odisha, where no pencil or charcoal is used but rather a brush is used to draw the outlines.

These paintings have themes that are inspired by the Jagannath and the Vaishnava cult.

Pattachitra Upsc
Pattachitra By Jean-Pierre Dalbéra from Paris, France – Extrait de Ramayana de Hazra Chitrakar (Naya / Bengale), CC BY 2.0,

Warli Painting

These paintings are by the indigenous people who live in Gujarat and Maharashtra knowns as Warli.

Warli painting has a resemblance to the Bhimbetkas Mural paintings.

The painting is ritualistic, which features a central motif of Chaukat or Chauk, which is an open place in the middle of the house.

Warli Painting By [ Jean-Pierre Dalb�ra] from Paris, France – [ Jivya Soma Mashe (Mus�e du Quai Branly)], CC BY 2.0,

Saura Paintings

Saura Paintings are also from Odissa and are made by Tribes called Saura of Odissa/Orissa.

It is traditionally made on the red or brown clay walls of homes. The dyes are made of rice, white stones, etc. The only colors used by Sauras are Geru(Red Earth) and White (Rice Paste).

These are which are visually much the same as the Warli Painting.

It is a style of wall mural painting that is done by the Saura tribes of Odisha. These paintings are also called Ikons or Ekons. These paintings are meant to appease the deity, Edital.

By tradition is this artwork is done only by the priest and they would explain its meanings to the village folk and pass their customs in oral tradition.

As per local folks, Savari who is a women devotee of Lord Rama, and Jara, who is a hunter who wounded Lord Krishna belong to these tribes.

Manjusha Paintings

Manjusha means box, these paintings were executed on the boxes made of Jute and paper.It originates in Bihar, Bhagalpur region and this painting is also known as Angika Art.

It is also called Snake paintings since the snake motifs are present in it.

Pithora Paintings

Pithora paintings are done by tribes who live in communities in the states of Gujarat and Madya Pradesh. In these paintings the common features in the depiction of animals and especially the horses.

These paintings are folk art culture of Gujarat done on the walls. Pithora paintings are more ritual than art, that are performed by tribes like Rathwas, Bhilalas, etc.

This painting is historically derived from the cave, wall, and rock paintings and has spiritual and mythological relevance.

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.