Functions of state government in India
The Functions of state government in India are mentioned in Part VI of the Indian Constitution from Articles 153 to 167.
Within the jurisdiction of the State government, there are two lists one is a state list and another concurrent list.
The functions of state government are mentioned in the State List. This includes subjects like Public Health, Transport, Public order, Prison, Education, etc.
Accordingly, there are 61 subjects in the state list. Originally it was 66 subjects. These are mentioned in the 7th schedule of the constitution of India.
Click the below link to read the complete list of the 7th Schedule.
Also, state governments have exclusive powers to legislate on those matters.
It is the list of subjects, where both state and centre have power over it. If there is a conflict between state and centre over a particular subject mentioned in the Concurrent List. Then centre will win over it.
In India, 52 Items are mentioned in the Concurrent List. It includes Criminal law, Marriage, and Divorce, Bankruptcy and insolvency, Forest, Protection of Wind animals and birds, etc.