National livestock mission upsc and National livestock Insurance in India

Livestock insurance in India

Livestock or cattle insurance provides comprehensive coverage against cattle loss during a pandemic, disaster, cattle dies during transportation, etc. Cattle insurance is a great initiative by the government of India to protect the farmers who depend on livestock.

It is a centrally sponsored scheme, which is now put under the sub-mission on livestock development of the National Livestock Mission. There are two types of cattle insurance provided in India, they are Death and Permanent Disability cover.

This insurance cover death due caused by Natural calamities, disease, calving during surgical operations, permanent disability such as cow’s inability to get pregnant and give birth to calves and produce milk is referred to as disability for milch cattle.

In India, Livestock Insurance is provided by both Public and Private players such as:

  • HDFC Ergo
  • Reliance General
  • ICICI Lombard
  • TATA AIG
  • Oriental Insurance
  • SBI General

National livestock mission Upsc

hen

The National Livestock Mission is implemented by the Government of India to achieve sustainable growth and development of livestock. It includes the development of poultry, increased fodder production, and skill development.

National Livestock Mission (NLM) is implemented from 2014 to 2015 by modifying seven Centrally Sponsored Schemes and seven Central Sector Schemes.

The National Livestock Mission is organized into:

  • Sub-Mission on Livestock Development
  • Sub-Mission on Pig development for the North Eastern Region
  • Sub-Mission on Feed and Fodder Development and
  • Sub-Mission on Skill Development, Technology Transfer and extension

Livestock meaning

Livestock production and management

Livestock refers to raising the domesticated animals in an agricultural setup to produce commodities such as meat, milk, egg, leather, wool, fur, etc.

What is livestock?

Live is often referred to as those bred for consumption for humans such as Milch animals. For example Sheep, Goat, Cow.

In the USA, Horses are also considered livestock.

Livestock census in India

LIVESTOCK POPULATION IN INDIA BY SPECIES (MILLION NUMBERS)

Species19511956196119661972197719821987199219972003200720122019
Cattle155.3158.7175.6176.2178.3180192.5199.7204.6198.9185.2199.1190.9192.5
Adult Female Cattle54.447.35151.853.454.659.262.164.464.464.57376.781.4
Buffalo43.444.951.25357.46269.87684.289.997.9105.3108.7109.9
Adult Female Buffalo2121.724.325.428.631.332.539.143.846.85154.556.655
Sheep39.139.340.242.4404148.845.750.857.561.571.665.174.3
Goat47.255.460.964.667.575.695.3110.2115.3122.7124.4140.5135.2148.9
Horses and Ponies1.51.51.31.10.90.90.90.80.80.80.80.60.60.3
Camels0.60.80.911.11.11.1110.90.60.50.40.3
Pigs4.44.95.256.97.610.110.612.813.313.511.110.39.1
Donkeys1.31.11.11.1111110.90.70.40.30.1
YakNCNC0000.10.100.10.10.10.10.10.1
Livestock census in India

Livestock farming

animal husbandry

Livestock farming is the management and breeding of domesticated animals such as Cow, Goat, Buffalo, Hen for Milk, Meat, Leather, etc.

The livestock sector plays a vital role in providing income generation, employment, poverty alleviation for the rural poor. Also, it gives nutrition to their children.

Livestock and poultry are a great way of improving the Indian Economy and food security.

Livestock inspector

Livestock Inspector enforces the law of the government involving sale, movement, health and sanitation, and eradication of quarantinable diseases of livestock.

In Tamil Nadu, the Livestock Inspector works under the Organisation, ‘ Animal Husbandry Directorate’ and their concerned department is Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries Department.

Livestock production and management

animal husbandry

Livestock production and management by definition is a practice that focuses on the application of various methods such as the chemical and biological process for the production and management of livestock.

Livestock production and management are generally done by the landless, marginal farmers who have less than 1/2 to 2 Acres of land.

They usually maintain, two to three animals such as Cow, Goat, and Hen. Traditionally in India, farmer maintains their livestock on grazing and on agricultural crops by-products such as Husks.

Livestock production and management Requirements

  • Quality supply of cattle feeds.
  • At least 1/2 Acres of land.
  • Good Environment Condition.
  • Good Housing, with a good supply of fresh air.
  • Clean Water supply.
  • Good knowledge about the market
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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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