Composition of Lok sabha in India state wise Upsc

Lok Sabha seats by state

The Lok Sabha is the lower house of Parliament. It consists of MPs (Members of Parliament).

There are 543 constituencies and each constituency.

The maximum seat mentioned in the constitution is 550. Which is divided into 530 MP from states and up to 20 members from Union Territories based on their population.

Delimitation of Constituencies

Lok Sabha seats by state and union territories are determined by the Delimitation of constituencies.

By the Delimitation Act of 2002, the Delimitation Commission of India has delimited the list of Parliamentary constituencies, reservation status, and constituent assembly segments.

The first state election that followed new demarcated assembly constituencies was in the Legislative Assembly election of 2008 in Karnataka.

Other assembly elections conducted in 2008, such as assembly elections in Chhattisgarh, Madya Pradesh, Delhi, Mizoram, and Rajasthan followed newly defined assembly constituencies.

The size of Assembly Constituencies is determined as Section 4 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950, by an Independent Delimitation Commission.

Sl. No.Name of StateNo. of Constituencies
1Andhra Pradesh24
2Arunachal Pradesh2
3Assam14
4Bihar40
5Chhattisgarh11
6Goa2
7Gujarat26
8Haryana10
9Himachal Pradesh4
10Jammu and Kashmir6
11Jharkhand14
12Karnataka27
13Kerala19
14Madhya Pradesh28
15Maharashtra48
16Manipur2
17Meghalaya2
18Mizoram1
19Nagaland1
20Odisha21
21Punjab13
22Rajasthan25
23Sikkim1
24Tamil Nadu38
25Telangana17
26Tripura2
27Uttar Pradesh80
28Uttarakhand5
29West Bengal42
Lok Sabha seats by state
Sl. No.Name of StateNo. of Constituencies
1Andaman and Nicobar Islands1
2Chandigarh1
3Daman and Diu1
4Lakshadweep1
5NCT of Delhi7
6Puducherry1
Lok Sabha seats in Union Territories

parliament of india

Census and Delimitation

By the constitutional amendment of 1976 delimitation was suspended after the census of 2001.

But, some amendments to the constitution were made in 2001 and 2003, freeze on the number of existing seats allocated to the states in the Lok Sabha (House of People) and State Legislative Assemblies based on the 1971 census to be used after the year 2026.

This is done based on the 2001 census and the extent of such constituencies as delimited remain frozen till 2026.

The reserved seats of SC/ST shall be reworked based on the 2001 census.

Conclusion

The Delimitation commission set under by Delimitation Act 2002, was given a job to readjust all parliamentary and assembly constituencies in the country except J&K, based on population by 2001 census. The Union Government nullified it by ordinance for Jharkhand. The Union Government passed four separate orders Under Sec 10 A of the Delimitation Act 2002, deferring delimitation in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland.
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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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