Medical tourism in India Tnpsc

Medical tourism

Medical tourism refers to patients traveling from their home country and another country for getting treatment.

Earlier, Patients from Poor and developing countries such as India traveled to developed foreign countries the such USA, UK, Germany, etc to get treatment.

But in recent years things have changed. People from development travel to developing countries such as India to get treatment for various reasons such as:

Low Priced Medical treatments

Unavailability of certain Medical services or non-licensed in their home country.

This is due to different Medical agencies such as FDA, EMA, etc might not have approved or licensed certain drugs.

For Example in Europe, the European Medical Agency (EMA) have their own therapy protocol Europe. But some country might have their own medical review organization such as NICE by NHS in the UK, ICMR in India might not necessarily approve just because it is approved by EMA.

For these reasons, people travel for treatment.

Medical tourism in India is a very fast-growing sector.

Medical tourism in India

Medical tourism is growing in India and India is 2nd in the world for it. Tamil Nadu, Capital Chennai, is considered as Health Capital in India also regarded as “India’s Health City“.

It is because it attracts people from around the world and within India. Chennai attracts 45% of the foreigners who travel for medical treatments.

Also 40% of domestic patients within India.

The India Government removed certain restrictions to make foreigners easily visit India for medical treatment. On such is done by the Union government in 2019, that is the foreigners can receive medical treatment without necessarily applying for a medical visa.

By 2020-2021, Medical tourism in India to reach around $9 Billion.

Another reason India attracts Foreign medical tourist is that 38 Hospitals in India are accredited by the Joint Commission International.

India’s Medical tourism is popular among Africans. Treatments in India are approved by WHO and the US Food and Drug Administration.

Many Foreign patients prefer Apollo, Headquartered in Chennai.


The transparency in organ transplantation is always questioned in India. Chennai stands first in India in Organ donation and transplantation.

But a lot of complaints arise as local patients were not given priority over the foreign patients.

To solve complaints that arise due to organ translation Tamil Nadu government established the Transplant Authority Of Tamil Nadu in 2014.


Protocol breached in Tamil Nadu organ transplant case, says probe


Chennai: Private hospitals favor foreigners over Indian patients for organ transplants, says report

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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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