Temperate grassland food web and its nature Upsc

Temperate grassland food web

Temperature grassland food web basically consists of grasses or shrubs. This region has a large number of herbivores and carnivores.


The different species of grasses found in temperate grasslands include purple needlegrass, blue grama, buffalo grass, and galleta. Flowers include asters, blazing stars, coneflowers, goldenrods, sunflowers, clovers, psoraleas, and wild indigos.


The Herbivorous consumers include bison, gazelles, zebras, rhinoceroses, wild horses, etc.

The carnivores found in these regions range from lions to wolves, etc.

The other animals found in these regions are Deer, prairie dogs, jackrabbits, coyotes, snakes, foxes, owls, badgers, blackbirds, sparrows, quails, and hawks.

Temperate grassland

Temperate grasslands found in the interior of the continents are characterized by large seasonal variations. It has warm summers and cool winters.


The predominant vegetation in this biome is grass or shrubs.

These grasslands strongly depend on precipitation. If there is higher precipitation it leads to the tall and soft grass. If there is lower precipitation it leads to short and soft grass.


The climate is temperate and ranges from semi-arid to semi-humid. In winter, the temperature can go well beyond 0 degrees Fahrenheit and in summer, the temperature can reach above 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

The temperate grasslands produce low to moderate precipitation ranging from 50 – 90 cm on average per year. Here most of the precipitation fall in the form of snow, in temperate grasslands in the Northern Hemisphere.


This habitat type is known as Prairie in North America, Pampas in South America, Veld in Southern Africa, and Steppe in Asia.

Grasshoppers, wolves, bison, and prairie dog are common in these areas. Temperate Grasslands are called by different names in different parts of the world.

These regions are good for wheat cultivation. Due to the lack of farm labor, mechanized agriculture is practiced. The pastoral industry is the main source of occupation, animal slaughtering, meat, dairy products, etc are industries here.

Temperate grassland food webs across the world


Prairies are infinite stretches of flat grassland with moderate temperature, rainfall, and few trees. These grasslands are usually known as golden, wheat-covered land in the middle of North America.

Prairies Temperate grassland food web

Steppes- Eurasia

Pampas -Argentina and Uruguay

Veld- South Africa

Down- Australia and New Zealand

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.