Battle of Bedara Upsc and Dutch in India

Dutch East India Company was founded in 1603 AD. Dutch first settlement was Machilipatnam which was captured in 1605 AD. Pulicat was the main center of trade for the Dutch until 1689.

After 1689 Nagapatnam turned to be the main center of Dutch trade in India. Their other settlement was Bhimunipatnam near Vishakhapatnam which was the first Municipal Corporation in India.

In Bengal, Cassimbazar, Chinsurah, Hugli, Dacca, and Patna were the other Dutch settlements. On the west coast, Ormuz, Cambay, Surat, Broach, and in North India it was Agra.

On the Malabar coast, Cochin was Important. Textile and Indigo are trade maximum by the Dutch. The good Indigo was produced in Bayana, Sarkaz in Gujarat, and in Agra. The Dutch carried out trade called Intra-Asian and Euro Asian that is India to Indonesia and Indonesia to Europe trade.

Batavia in Indonesia was the prime business centre for the entire Dutch trade in Asia and Dutch trade is famously called Batavian Trade.

Fight with English

In 1622, 23 English merchants were killed by Dutch in Ambayani in Indonesia which is famously called Ambayani Massacre.

In reply, the English defeated them in the Battle of Bedara in 1759 AD.

As a war bounty to the English, the Dutch surrendered all their settlements in India in return for all English settlements in Indonesia.

Portuguese in India

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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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