Gender Development Index Upsc

Gender development index definition

The GDI is the ratio of the HDIs calculated separately for females and males using the same methodology as in the HDI. It is a direct measure of the gender gap showing the female HDI as a percentage of the male HDI. 

What is gender related development index?

Gender Development Index – It is the same as HDI but adjusted for reflecting inequalities between men and women.

In other words, HDI tells us about the average achievements of a society.

On the other hand, GDI adjusts these achievements for reflecting inequalities between men and women.

They prepare separate metrics for Male and Females.

Gender Development Index – Empowerment Measures

It tells us the opportunities available to the women in society by way of:

Their political participation and Decision making power.

Their Economic participation such as the number of women holding positions as Senior managers, bureaucrats, etc., and the Number of women bearing high professional or scientific positions.

Share of total income earned by women as against men.

Gender Development Index
Gender Development Index

Global gender inequality index

WEF’s gender gap indexIndia falls 28 places, and it placed at 140 among 156 Countries. India slipped in the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2021, becoming the third-worst performer in South Asia.

Switzerland has the highest gender inequality index and Yemen is the lowest.

Gdi and Gem

The only difference is that the GDI uses the set of income levels, while the GEM (Gender Empowerment Measure) uses the income levels itself. These gaps are much larger than those between the HDI and the GDI, which are only about 1 percent on average.


What is the rank of India in the gender development index?

India’s rank in GDI is 123.

How is GDI calculated?

It is the ratio of female HDI to Male HDI.

What is a good GDI score?

Good GDI score is 1.000. As the GDI is on a scale of 0.000 to 1.000. 0.000 is the lowest while 1.000 is the Highest.

What is GDI in geography?

The GDI is calculated for 167 countries and the countries are ranked based on the GDI score.

Which country has the lowest GII?

As per Gender Inequality Index 2020, Yemen was the lowest in GII.

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* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.
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