Also known as Mandal Commission Case. In January 1979 under the Chairmanship of B.P.Mandal, the Second Backward Classes Commission under Article 340 was appointed by the Union Government headed by Prime Minister Morarji Desai.
One of the major recommendations made by the commission was that, besides the SCs and STs, for other backward classes which constitute nearly 52% of the population, 27% of government jobs are being reserved so that total reservation for all, SC, ST, and OBCs, amount to 50%.
No action was taken on the basis of the Mandal Report for long after it was submitted, except that it was discussed in the Houses of Parliament twice, once in 1982and again in 1983.
On August 13, 1990, the V.P.Singh Government at the Centre issued an office memorandum accepting the Mandal Commission recommendation and announcing 27% reservation for the socially and educationally backward classes in vacancies in civil posts and services under the Government of India.