Kamarajar Life History
He was born on 15th July 1903 at Virudupatti now known as Virudhunagr, Madras Presidency, British India. Kamarajar was one of the greatest freedom fighters of India from Tamil Nadu.
His political guru is S.Satyamurti . Kamarajar entered into the freedom movement of India by taking part in Vaikam Satyagraha in 1924.
He enrolled himself as a full-time worker of the Congress Party in 1929. Under the leadership of Rajagopalachari, he participated in the Salt Satyagraha march in Vedarangyam in 1930.
Kamarajar was imprisoned for two years in Alipore Jail for participating in Vedarangyam Salt march.
As a result of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact of 1931, he was released from prison. In 1940, he went to Wardha to meet Gandhiji to get approval for the list of Sathyagrahis.
He was arrested and sent to Vellore jail as he participated in Quit India Movement in 1942. Then sentenced to three years of jail in Amaravathi Prison. Kamarajar hoisted the India National flag in Satyamurti’s house in 1947.
He served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for nine years and introduced various welfare schemes.
Kamarajar Kalvi Pani (Achievement in Education)
He opened many new schools and made education more accessible to poor and rural children.
Kamaraj abolished the Modified Scheme of Elementary Education, increased manifold the number of schools and Kamaraj introduced the noon-meal scheme for school children.
He built a number of dams for improving irrigation, provided more industrial estates, ensured astonishing industrial growth in the state.
Kamaraj as King Maker
In 1963, Kamaraj resigned (Kamaraj Plan) his chief ministership to become the President of Indian National Congress and M.Bhaktavatchalam took over the government.
The Food shortage and anti-Hindi agitation caused the unpopularity of his ministry. The scholars refer to him as “King Maker”, as he made Lal Bahadur Sastri the Prime Minister of India in 1964 and Mrs. Indira Gandhi in 1966 after the death of Sastri.
He died on October 2nd, 1975. The K-Plan is the famous policy framed by him.
The people affectionately call him ‘Perum Thalaivar’ means ‘Great Leader’.