Prehistoric India : History before Indus valley civilization Upsc

Stone age in India Upsc

In India, the prehistoric period is divided into the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age), Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age), Neolithic (New Stone Age), and the Metal Age. However, these periods were not uniform throughout the Indian subcontinent. The dating of the prehistoric period is done scientifically. The technique of radiocarbon dating is commonly used for this purpose. … Read more

Equus Genus Characteristics


Equus Eqquus refers to the genus of animals including horses and zebras. Equus is a genus of mammals in the family Equidae, which includes horses, donkeys, and zebras. Within the Equidae, Equus is the only recognized extant genus, comprising seven living species. Equus Genus Characteristics Like Equidae more broadly, Equus has numerous extinct species known … Read more

Last mughal emperor

The Mughal Empire History, Conquest, Art and Culture Upsc

Last Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar was born in 1775 into the Mughal dynasty, which had ruled much of the Indian subcontinent for over three centuries. He was a poet and a scholar, and he was known for his refined manners and his love of music. However, Bahadur Shah Zafar was also a weak and … Read more

Indus Valley civilization Tnpsc notes pdf

Indus Seals

Indus Valley civilization Geographical Area Early Beginnings Town Structure The major cities of Harrapa time are: Agriculture and Animal Domestication in the Indus Valley Civilization Craft and Pottery Metal, Tools and Weapons Textiles and Ornaments Harappan civilization ornaments Business Scripts and Artworks of the Indus Valley Civilization Religion Practices Politics Cultures Existed elsewhere during the … Read more

Bahmani Kingdom History Tnpsc Notes

Bahmani kingdom and its territories

Bahmani Kingdom History Bahmani Kingdom’s History starts with Hasan Gangu. The Bahmani kingdom was founded by Hasan Gangu also known as Alauddin Bahman Shah in 1347 and it was ruled by fourteen sultans. Capital of Bahmani Kingdom The capital of bahmani dynasty is Gulbarga. Then the capital was shifted from Gulbarga to Bidar by Ahmad … Read more

Delhi Sultanate History Tnpsc – Administration, Significance, and Rulers

Delhi Sultanate (1206 AD-1526 AD) Slave Dynasty Founder of slave dynasty: Qutbuddin Aibak(1206-1210) Iltutmish Dynasty (1211-1236) Raziya (1236-1240) The Era of Balban(1246-1287) Khalji Dynasty(1290-1320) Alauddin Khalji(1296-1316) Reforms of Alauddin Khalji Market reforms of Alauddin Khilji Military Campaigns of Alauddin Khalji Alauddin khilji campaign in South India Tughlaq Dynasty (1320-1414) Muhammad Bin Tughlaq (1325-1351) Token Currency … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.