Tnpsc: Union legislature, the parliament of India

Parliament of India: Introduction The legislature is the most important institution for the functioning of representative democracy. The primary object of the legislature is to hold its representatives accountable, responsible for the interest of the people. It is the highest law-making body, having elected representation from all the constituents of the state. In India, the … Read more

Unity in diversity in Indian culture Tnpsc

Unity in diversity in Indian culture

India is a vast country with extreme diversity in geographical, religious, linguistic, racial, cultural, aspects. There are high mountains, low coastal plains, fertile plains, deserts, evergreen forests, dry scrub vegetation, different types of flora and fauna, and cultures. In spite of diversities, we maintain unity. The unity of diversity of India is because of our … Read more

Tamil literature from Sangam age till contemporary times Tnpsc

Tamil Literature from Sangam Tholkappiyam, Ettuthogai (Eight Anthologies), Pathupattu (Ten Idylls), PathinanKeezhkanakku (a Collection of eighteen poetic works), Pattinapalai, Maduraikanji Epics: Silapathikaram and Manimegalai Silapathikaram Silapathikaram, speaks about the greatness of Poompuhar and its author was Ilango Adigal. The lead female character in Silapathikaram is Kannagi. Maanaigan was the name given to the sea traders … Read more

Scientific knowledge and scientific temper Tnpsc

nehru scientific temper

Scientific knowledge and scientific temper Tnpsc Scientific temper, this word was used by Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru in 1946. It is also mentioned in the Indian constitution, Article 51A. As per Article 51A, “To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform” is one of the fundamental duties of the … Read more

Ncert notes Indian National movement – Extremist period

The year 1905 onward was called the era of extremism in the Indian National Movement. The aggressive nationalist believed that success could be achieved only by bold means. Important extremist leaders such as Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh. Causes for the Rise of Extremism The only success of … Read more

List of fundamental rights available to foreigners in India

Fundamental rights for foreigners Equality before the law and equal protection of laws (article 14). Protection in respect of conviction for offenses (article20). Protection of life and personal liberty (article21). Right to elementary education (article 21A) Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (article 22) Prohibition of traffic and human beings and forced labour … Read more

History Upsc Mains

1. Sources Archaeological sources : Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments. Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign account: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers 2. Pre-history and Proto-history : Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic). 3. Indus Valley … Read more


Geography Upsc Mains

Physical Geography : Geomorphology : Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogeneticforces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crusts; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physicalconditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics;Recent views on mountain building; Volcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Land scape development; Denudation chronology; Channelmorphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope … Read more

Economic Upsc Mains

1. Advanced Micro Economics :(a) Marshallian and Varrasiam Approaches to Price determination.(b) Alternative Distribution Theories; Ricardo, Kaldor, Kaleeki.(c) Markets Structure : Monopolistic Competition, Duopoly, Oligopoly.(d) Modern Welfare Criteria : Pareto Hicks and Scitovsky, Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem, A. K.Sen’s Social Welfare Function.2. Advance Macro Economics :Approaches to Employment Income and Interest Rate determination : Classical, Keynes(IS)-LM) … Read more

* * All the Notes in this blog, are referred from Tamil Nadu State Board Books and Samacheer Kalvi Books. Kindly check with the original Tamil Nadu state board books and Ncert Books.